In recent years intellectual history has reestablished itself as a distinct and vital field of scholarship, with a new attention to the social and cultural contexts of thought as well as to language, rhetoric, and meaning. Even as the field has applied insights from a broad range of other disciplines, and especially from literary studies and philosophy, its practitioners have sought an understanding of thinkers, ideas, and texts that is emphatically historical.
Reading Kant at Normal Sup: The Postwar Origins of Foucault’s Philosophical Project
A World Economy of Signals: F. A. Hayek, Cybernetic Legalism and the Intellectual Origins of the WTO
Liberal Democracy in the Crucible: American Conceptions of Nation-Building After World War II
John Locke and liberty as non-domination: an historical perspective
Rousseau and Hobbes
This is a paper about Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Thomas Hobbes. It could have been called “Rousseau and Romanticism”, but the title has already been taken and has often been wrongly applied. It could also have been called “Hobbes and Romanticism”, but this, less obviously plausible, title will only start to make sense in the light of two additional subjects. The first is the further, imaginative, dimension that Rousseau injected into Hobbes’s moral and political thought. The second is the switch in moral and political orientation produced by Rousseau’s realisation that the Hobbesian imperative of individual survival applied most strongly to the social state. Together, it could be said, the two subjects enabled Rousseau to develop a theory of politics that was more Hobbist than Hobbes.
Michael Sonenscher is a Fellow of King’s College, Cambridge, UK. His most recent book is entitled Sans-Culottes: An Eighteenth-Century Emblem in the French Revolution (Princeton University Press, 2008).
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The history departments at three Triangle Area universities – Duke University in Durham, North Carolina State University in Raleigh, and The University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill – have established a Program in Intellectual History for students pursuing the MA and Ph.D. in Modern European, Russian, or American History. Within easy access of each other, these universities now form a major national center for graduate teaching and research in the humanities and social sciences. The Program is designed to take advantage of their unique concentration of resources:
The uniqueness of our program lies in both its thematic inclusiveness and its methodological orientation. The faculty is committed to a contextual approach to intellectual history. Context is broadly defined, but we believe that intellectual historians make their distinctive contribution to knowledge when they study texts to recover the historical meanings of ideas. To that end we seek to understand how ideas were formed, reformulated, argued, and received in specific historical contexts. We also wish to develop a closer relationship between European and American intellectual history – one that will enrich both areas. Hence we encourage research that draws comparative conclusions about thinkers and ideas on both sides of the Atlantic, and that explores transactions and mediations between American and European intellectual discourses.
Students develop plans of study involving intellectual historians from all three universities. Thanks to the diversity of faculty, students can explore a wide variety of themes, combining intellectual history with cognate fields in history and other disciplines. They can apply concepts and insights from feminist theory, literary and cultural theory, psychoanalytic theory, studies of the construction of national and ethnic identity, the history of science, the history of philosophy, political theory, and social theory.