In the present, Colombia is facing an important conjuncture, largely shaped by the peace negotiation, taking place between the government and the FARC-EP (and most recently the ELN). The current moment is a dispute over the meaning of the past, present and future of Colombia, with hemispheric implications, that includes a discussion about the type of society that each actor imagines. Consequently, the actual moment is defined by a series of political, cultural and ontological struggles locally and regionally. While political, economical, and cultural elites seem resistant to pursuing significant changes beyond the demobilization of the guerrillas and small reforms to the system; civil society, social movements (indigenous, afro-descendants, and peasants in particular), intellectuals, and some politicians are yearning for a historical moment that challenges the unequal social arrangements of Colombian society.