Selected Bibliography



The Free Negro in North Carolina, 1790-1860 (University of North Carolina Press, 1943, Russell Russell, 1969); reprint, University of N.C. Press, 1994.

From Slavery to Freedom: A History of Negro Americans (Alfred A. Knopf, 1947; revised and enlarged, 1957, 1967, 1974, 1980, 1987, and 1994; Vintage Paperback edition, Random House, 1969; Indian translation, 1973; Japanese translation, 1974; German translation, 1978; French translation, 1984; Portuguese translation, 1989; Chinese translation, 1990).

The Militant south, 1800-1860 (Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1956; paperback edition, Beacon Press, 1964).

Reconstruction After the Civil War (University of Chicago Press, 1961; paperback edition, 1963).

The Emancipation Proclamation (Doubleday & Company, 1963; Edinburgh University Press, 1963; Anchor paperback, 1965).

Land of the Free, with John W. Caughey and Ernest R. May (Franklin Publications; Benziger Bros., 1965; revised edition, 1970).

Illustrated History of Black Americans, with the editors of Time-Life Books (Time-Life Inc., 1970 and 1973).

A Southern Odyssey: Travelers in the Ante-bellum North (Louisiana State University Press, 1976).

Racial Equality in America (University of Chicago Press, 1976).

George Washington Williams: A Biography (University of Chicago Press, 1985).

Race and History: Selected Essays 1938-1988 (Louisiana State University Press, 1990).

The Color Line: Legacy for the Twenty-first Century (University of Missouri Press, 1993).


(Ed.) With John Whittington Franklin, My Life and an Era: The Autobiography of Buck Colbert Franklin (Louisiana State University Press, 1997)

(Ed.) The Civil War Diary of James T. Ayers (Illinois State Historical Society, 1947).

(Ed.) Albion Tourgee’s A Fool’s Errand (Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1961; paperback edition, 1965).

(Ed.) T.W. Higginson’s Army Life in a Black Regiment (Beacon Press, 1962).

(Ed.) Three Negro Classics (Avon, 1965).

(Ed.) With Isadore Starr, The Negro in the Twentieth Century (Random House, 1967).

(Ed.) Color and Race (Houghton Mifflin, 1968; Japanese edition, the Eihosa, Ltd., 1969. Paperback edition, Beacon Press, 1969).

(Ed.) W.E.B. Du Bois, The Suppression of the African Slave Trade (Louisiana State University Press, 1969).

(Ed.) Reminiscences of an Active Life: The Autobiography of John R. Lynch (University of Chicago Press, 1970).

III. Articles

” Edward Bellamy and the Nationalist Movement,” New England Quarterly (December, 1938).

” The Free Negro in the Economic Life of North Carolina,” North Carolina Historical Review (Pt. I, July 1942; Pt. II, October 1942).

” Slaves Virtually Free in Ante-Bellum North Carolina,” Journal of Negro History (July, 1943).

” History, Weapon of War and Peace, ” Phylon (Third Quarter, 1944).

” Negro Episcopalians in Ante-Bellum North Carolina,” Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church (September, 1944).

” James Boon, Free Negro Artisan,” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society (September, 1947).

” George Washington Williams, Historian,” Journal of Negro History (January, 1946).

” UN’s Host,” Free World (June, 1946).

” James T. Ayers, Civil War Recruiter,” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society (September, 1947).

” Whither Reconstruction Historiography?”, Journal of Negro Education (Fall, 1948).

” New Perspectives in American Negro History,” Social Education (May, 1950).

” Slavery and the Martial South,” Journal of Negro History (January, 1952); reprinted in A.S. Eisenstadt, American History: Recent Interpretations, 1962.

” Geschichte der Vereinigten Staaten in Andern Landern,” Aufklarung (Mai, 1952).

” Reconstruction,” in Problems in American History, ed. by Arthur S. Link and Richard Leopold (Prentice-Hall, 1952; revised editions, 1957 and 1966).

” From Slavery to Freedom,” United Asia (June, 1953).

” The Negro and the New Deal,” in The New Negro Thirty Years Afterward, edited by Rayford W. Logan (Howard University Press, 1955).

” Sectionalism and the American Historian,” Atti Del X Congresso Internazionale Di Scienza Storiche, (Settembre, 1955).

” The New Dilemma of the American South,” The Listener (September, 1955); reprinted in Journal of Negro Education (Spring, 1956).

” History of Racial Segregation in the United States,” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, (March, 1956).

” The American Negro,” Crisis, February, 1957; reprinted in Journal of Negro History (April, 1957).

” The New Negro,” Crisis (February, 1957); reprinted in Journal of Negro History (April, 1957).

” Jim Crow Goes to School: The Genesis of Legal Segregation in Southern Schools,” South Atlantic Quarterly (Spring 1959).

” The Southern Expansionists of 1846,” Journal of Southern History (August, 1959).

” Lincoln and Public Morality,” Chicago Historical Society (1959); reprinted in History (October, 1959).

” The Democratization of Educational Opportunity,” in Issues in University Education, edited by Charles Frankel (Harper & Brothers, 1959).

” To Educate All the Jeffersonians,” The Superior Student (April, 1960).

” The Negro’s Dilemma,” The New York Times, January 17, 1960, p. 5, 13.

” Freedom and Equality in a Pluralistic Society,” University of Melbourne Gazette (August, 1960).

” Lincoln and the Politics of War,” in Lincoln for the Ages, edited by Ralph Newman (Doubleday, 1960).

” As For Our History,” in The Southerner as American, edited by Charles G. Sellars, Jr. (University of North Carolina Press, 1960; paperback edition, E.P. Dutton, 1966).

” A Century of Civil War Observance,” Journal of Negro History (April, 1962).

” Civil Rights in American History,” Progressive (December, 1962).

” The Emancipation Proclamation, 1863-1963,” Crisis (February, 1963).
First Century of Freedom, pamphlet published by the United States Information Service, London, 1963.

” The Dilemma of the American Negro Scholar,” in Soon One Morning, edited by Herbert Hill (Knopf, 1963).

” The Integration of the Atlantic Community,” in The Atlantic Future, edited by H.V. Hodson (Logmans, 1964).
An Der Schwelle Zur Gleichberechtigung, pamphlet published by the United States Information Service, Bad Godesburg, 1964.

” The Dignity of Man: Perspective for Tomorrow,” Social Education, (May, 1964).

” Civil Rights and the Negro Poll,” Western Mail, Cardiff, Wales (October 27, 1964).

” Indo-American Cultural and Educational Exchange, Some New Perspectives,” in American Studies in India (New Delphi, 1964), pp.. 34-42.

” Before Ten Years Ago,” NAACP Freedom Journal (New York, 1964), pp. 12-13, 24, 26, 29.

” The Past in the Future of the South,” in The South in Continuity and Change, edited by John C. McKinney and Edgar T. Thompson (Duke University Press, 1965).

” The Two Worlds of Race,” Daedalus, September, 1965; reprinted in the University of Chicago Magazine, December 1965 and January 1966, and in The Negro American edited by Talcott Parsons and Kenneth Clark
(Houghton Mifflin, 1966.)

” Freedom’s New Frontiers,” Negro Digest (September, 1965).

” A Brief History of the Negro in the United States,” in The American Negro Reference Book, edited by John P. Davis (Prentice-Hall, 1966).

” Reconstruction and the Negro” in New Frontiers of the American Reconstruction edited by Harold Hyman (University of Illinois Press, 1966).

” The Emancipation Proclamation” in The American Primer, edited by Daniel J. Boorstin (Chicago, 1966).

” Pioneer Negro Historians,” Negro Digest (February, 1966).

” The American Scholar and American Foreign Policy,” in The American Scholar (October, 1967).

” Freedom From Despair,” Chicago Today, vol. 4 (Winter, 1967), pp. 20-23 (Reprint of Commencement Address at Radcliffe College, 1966).

” The Negro Since Freedom” in The Comparative Approach to American History, edited by C. Vann Woodward (Basic Books, 1968).

” Discovering Black American History,” in J.S. Roucek and T. Kernan, The Negro Impact on Western Civilization (N.Y., 1968), pp. 23-31.

” The Bitter Years of Slavery,” Life, vol.65 (November 22, 1968), pp. 92-103.

” John R. Lynch, Congressman from Mississippi,” Midway (Autumn, 1969).

” Archival Odyssey: Taking the Students to the Sources,” The American Archivist, vol. 32 (October, 1969).

” The Future of Negro American History,” New School for Social Research, 1969; University of Chicago Magazine (February/March, 1970).

” George Washington Williams and Africa” (Inaugural Lecture in honor of Rayford W. Logan), Howard University Press, 1970.

” Pubic Welfare in the South During the Reconstruction Era, 1865-1880,” Social Service Review (December, 1970).

” Ethnicity in American Life: The Historical Perspective,” in Ethnicity in American Life, Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith, 1971.

” The Presidential Election of 1868,” in History of American Presidential Elections, 1789-1964 (Chelsea House, 1971) edited by Arthur M. Schlesinger and Fred L. Israel, vol. 2 pp. 1247-1300.

” Perspective on the Holidays,” Tuesday at Home (December 26, 1971).

” The Great Confrontation: The South and the Problem of Change,” Presidential Address, Journal of Southern History (February, 1972).

” Negroes and LBJ’s Great Society,” Focus (February, 1973).

” The Next Hundred Years,” Detroit News, October 7, 1973.

” The Historian and Public Policy,” The Nora and Edward Ryerson Lecture, University of Chicago (April 23, 1974).

” On the Oversupply of Graduate Students,” Daedalus (Fall, 1974).

” The Enforcement of the Civil Rights Act of 1875, Prologue, Journal of the National Archives (Fall, 1974).

” The North, the South, and the American Revolution,” Presidential Address, Journal of American History (June, 1975); reprinted in Paul Finkelman (ed), Slavery, Revolutionary American and the New Nation (Garland
Publishing, 1989).

” Moral Legacy of the Founding Fathers,” University of Chicago Magazine Summer (1975); reprinted in Current (July/August, 1975); in Tuesday Magazine (September 14, 1975; and in Paul Finkelman (ed.), Slavery, Revolutionary America, and the New Nation (Garland Publishing, 1989).

” The Complete Historian,” The Great Lakes Journal, vol I. (1976), pp. 3-11.

” Libraries in a Pluralistic Society,” in Libraries and the Life of the Mind in America, American Library Association, 1977.

” The Historian and Public Policy,” The History Teacher (May 1978); a reprint of the Nora and Edward Ryerson Lecture for 1974.

” George Washington Williams and the Beginnings of Afro-American Historiography,” Critical Inquiry (Summer , 1978).

” Afro-American Biography: The Case of George Washington Williams,” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, April, 1979.

” Birth of a Nation – Propaganda as History,” The Massachusetts Review (Autumn, 1979).

” Mirror for Americans: A Century of Reconstruction History,” Presidential Address, American Historical Review (February, 1980).

” Land of Room Enough,” Daedalus (Spring, 1981).

” John R. Lynch: Republican Stalwart,” in Beyond Rehabilitation: Southern Black Political Leaders and the Meaning of Reconstruction, edited by Howard N. Rabinowitz (University of Illinois Press, 1981).

” The Nineteen Eighties: Prologue and Prospect,” with Kenneth Clark (Joint Center for Political Studies, 1981).

” Education and National Responsibility,” The John Hamilton Fulton Memorial Lecture in the Liberal Arts, Middlebury College, September 22, 1981.

” George Washington Williams: The Massachusetts Years,” Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, vol. 92, Part 2, October, 1982.

” On Thinking About History,” Duke University How To Think Straight Series, March, 1984.

[The Civil Rights Act of 1964], “A Modest Achievement,” Focus (October, 1984). “A Continuing Climate of Racism,” Duke Magazine (November/December 1984).

” Lincoln’s Evolving View of Freedom,” Brown Alumni Monthly (February, 1985); Books at Brown, vols. XXXI-XXXII (1984-1985); Sino-American Relations, vol. XVII, no. 4 (Winter 1991).

” A Modest Imperialism: United States History Abroad,” in Lewis Hanke (ed.), Guide to the Study of United States History Outside the U.S., 1945-1980, vol I. (Kraus International Publications, 1985.)

” Effetti Sociali Delle Difference Regionali Negli Stati Uniti,” in Luigi De Rose and Ennio Di Nolfo, Regionalismo e Centralizzazione Nella Storia Di Italia e Stati Uniti (Florence, 1986).

” The Use and Misuse of the Lincoln Legacy,” Papers of the Abraham Lincoln Association (Springfield, Illinois), vol. VII, 1985; reprinted in Illinois History (February 1990).

” The Forerunners,” American Visions (January/February 1986).

” Afro-American History: The Search for Authority,” Arkansas Institute for the Humanities, Little Rock, 1986.

” On the Evolution of Scholarship in Afro-American History,” in Darlene Hine (ed.), The State of Afro-American History (Louisiana State University Press, 1986).

” Equality in America: Democracy’s Challenge,” A Melting Pot or a Nation of Minorities, The Andrew R. Cecil Lectures on Moral Values in a Free Society, vol. VII (University of Texas at Dallas, 1986).

” Southern History: The Black-White Connection,” The Atlanta Historical Journal (Summer 1986).

” Slavery and the Constitution” in Leonard W. Levy (ed.), The Encyclopedia of the American Constitution (Macmillan Publishing Co., 1986).

” Black Initiative and Governmental Responsibility,” with Eleanor Holmes Norton (Joint Center for Political Studies, 1987).

” The Desperate Need for Black Teachers: A Special Appeal from John Hope Franklin,” Change (May/June, 1987); reprinted in The Education Digest (March 1988); in Voices of Social Education, 1937-1987 (October 1987) by the National Council for the Social Studies, Washington, D.C.

” The Foundations: From Whom All Blessings Flow,” Scholarship Today: The Humanities and Social Sciences, Library of Congress, 1987.

” As We Were Saying: A Historian of the United states in the People’s Republic of China,” American Studies International vol. XXVI, no. I (April 1988).

” Washington’s Shameful History of Racial Bigotry,” Washington Post, April 17, 1988.

” A Life of Learning,” The Charles Homer Haskins Lecture, American Council of Learned Societies, April 14, 1988.

” Afro-American History: State of the Art,” Journal of American History, 75, no.1 (June 1988).

” Pursuing Southern History: A Strange Career,” in Winfred B. Moore, et al (eds.) Developing Dixie: Modernization in a Traditional Society (Greenwood Press, 1988).

” Opening the Door of Opportunity,” Journal of the National Medical Association, vol. 80, no. 12 (1988).

” Race and the Constitution in the Nineteenth Century,” Update, American Bar Association (Fall 1988).

” Quasi-Free,” Stanford Lawyer (Spring/Summer, 1989).

” The Civil Rights Act of 1866 Revisited,” the Matthew O. Tobriner Lecture, The Hastings Law Journal (July 1990).

” Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Afro-American Protest Tradition,” in Peter J. Albert and Ronald Hoffman (eds.), We Shall Overcome: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Black Freedom Struggle (Pantheon Books, 1990).

” Their War and Mine,” in: A Round Table: The Living and Reliving of World War II, The Journal of American History (September 1990).

” W.E.B. Du Bois: A Personal Memoir,” The Massachusetts Review (Autumn 1990).

” What Europeans Should Understand About African-American History,” Ernst Fraenkel Lecture, Kennedy Institute for North-American Studies, Free University of Berlin, 1990.

” Who Divided This House?” Chicago History (Fall/Winter 1990-91).

” Traversing the Road to Race and History,” Forum (Spring 1991).

” Runaway Slaves: Counting the Cost,” American Visions (February, 1991).

” African-Americans and the Bill of Rights in the Slave Era,” in Raymond Arsenault (ed.), Crucible of Liberty: 200 Years of the Bill of Rights (The Free Press, 1991).

” The Emancipation Proclamation: An Act of Justice,” Prologue, Quarterly of the National Archives (Summer, 1993).


General Editorship, with A.S. Eisenstadt: American History Series (Harlan Davidson, Inc.), 1968-.
General Editorship: University of Chicago Press Series on Negro American Biographies and Autobiographies, 1969-
Editor, with August Meier, Black Leaders of the 20th Century (University of Illinois Press, 1981).